Today, there are more tools available to prevent HIV. In addition to limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms correctly and consistently, there are also newer medical options such as pre-exposure (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP).
Remember, Only certain fluids—blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk—from an HIV-infected person can transmit HIV. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to possibly occur.
In New Zealand, HIV is spread mainly by:
Less commonly, HIV may be spread by
How can I prevent getting HIV?
Undetectable Viral Load & HIV Transmission
There is evidence that HIV treatment, resulting in an undetectable viral load, can substantially reduce a person’s risk of passing on HIV. This provides an extra safety net but not a replacement for condoms.
There is growing evidence that HIV medication, which fully suppresses the viral load of a person living with HIV, reduces the risk of passing on HIV.
- Evidence of reduced infectiousness from suppressed viral loads is good news. People living with HIV should have early access to medication.
- Relying on treatment and undetectable viral load as a community-wide prevention strategy will not work because we do not know who has HIV and who does not and viral load can fluctuate.
- A community-wide culture of condom use remains the best way to prevent the spread of HIV and other STIs.
AfricaNZ Health Research Project
AfricaNZ – a research project that will provide information needed to develop appropriate HIV care and prevention among African communities in NZ.
It’s funded by the Ministry of Health and being undertaken jointly by Massey and Otago Universities
It is our great pleasure to bring you the two reports for the AfricaNZ Health Research Project (AfricaNZ Count & AfricaNZ Care). Here are the links:
AfricaNZ Care: A report on knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and beliefs about HIV among black Africans living in New Zealand.
AfricaNZ Count: An estimate of currently resident and HIV positive Africans in New Zealand.
HIV update 2013 is out, This booklet provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic in New Zealand right now, with the very latest statistics and information.
Watch our latest video on HIV stigma
“Many people are very frightened of taking an HIV test in case they test positive. This can mean they spend time, worrying about the possibility of having HIV, often unnecessarily. In every case, it is better to know your status than not to know.”
If you think you might have been at risk of HIV, it is better to go for a TEST, to determine your status.
For more info and to book a time, visit www.FASTEST.co.nz
Twice a year, The African Communities Programme sends out the Jambo newsletter. Find out our latest news by downloading the PDF version of the e-newsletter. If you would like to receive regular updates on our programme, or to learn about the community events that we are sponsoring, please join us on Facebook Love Cover Protect .
Jambo is created to:
Promote networking, to share ideas, resources and activities
Share news of communities and individuals across Aotearoa
Feature stories about organisations, community groups, websites and more
Promote growth, excellence and integrity
Issue # 15
Issue # 14
Jambo Issue 11
HIV Update 2012
The HIV Update is a snapshot of the HIV epidemic in New Zealand right now and has all the very latest stats released by the AIDS Epi Group at the University of Otago.
HIV 101 for NZ Schools
This resource is a quick reference guide to HIV and AIDS, written specifically for New Zealand schools and educational facilities.
This educational guide explains the basics of HIV, infectiousness and treatment, and aims to dispell some of the myths around how HIV is transmitted. Also included are the Ministry of Education guidelines for infection control of HIV/AIDS and other blood borne viruses in New Zealand schools.
To download a copy of the HIV 101 for NZ Schools click here
Research “Standing in the Fire”
Experiences of HIV-Positive, Black African Migrants and Refugees Living in New Zealand
“This study would not have been possible without the participants who all graciously and generously offered their time and stories of challenge and opportunity. All names in this research are pseudonyms and each participant chose his or her own pseudonym. We express our heartfelt thanks to individuals known as Joe, Mary, Rute, Ivy, David, Adele, Pat, Lisa, Paul, Anna, Jane, Marie and Julius. We wish you well.”
Preventing HIV resource booklet
This booklet provides information about the transmission of HIV, how to protect yourself and where you can get tested.